Our Business Law Newsletters
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The federal Clayton Act contains prohibitions against various specific anti-competitive practices and is designed to supplement the broad prohibitions of the Sherman Act against anti-competitive agreements and monopolization. Section 2 of the Clayton Act, 15 U.S.C.S. § 13, as amended by the Robinson-Patman Act, specifically prohibits discrimination in the price of commodities or in commissions, allowances, services, or facilities if such discrimination is anti-competitive.
Section 3 of the Clayton Act, 15 U.S.C.S. § 14, makes illegal certain distribution practices. Generally, Section 3 of the Clayton Act makes it illegal to enter into tying arrangements, exclusive dealing contracts, or requirements contracts if such arrangements or contracts tend to lessen competition.
Owners of a majority of voting shares of a corporation or of sufficient shares to provide working control of the corporation have a duty of fairness toward the corporation and toward other shareholders. The duty of fairness is imposed by courts and includes a substantive duty regarding share prices and a procedural fairness duty requiring that the corporation and its non-controlling shareholders are dealt with fairly and with full disclosure.
Major events for public companies must be made public through the filing of Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Form 8-K must be filed within four days after the events outlined in Sections 1 through 5 and 9 below.
A majority of states have statutes that address director and officer conflicts of interests in corporate transactions. The conflict of interest provisions vary from state to state; however, most states have enacted some version of the conflict of interest provisions contained in the Revised Model Business Corporation Act.